Monika Rogozińska

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Start Wydarzenia Królestwo przed Inkami - Wielkie odkrycie polskich archeologów

Królestwo przed Inkami - Wielkie odkrycie polskich archeologów


      El Castillo to wzgórze zbudowany z suszonej na słońcu cegły adobe, ujęty w ramę z olbrzymich pni i oblicowany kamieniami, leży na wzgórzu w dolinie Rio Huarmey, w pobliżu ujścia rzeki do Pacyfiku, 290 km na północ od Limy. Wiedziano od dawna, że znajdują się tu groby przedstawicieli dawnych cywilizacji. Archeolodzy prowadzili wyścig ze złodziejami. W 2010 r. odkryli komorę grobową. Niestety była wyrabowana. http://www.rp.pl/artykul/337506,557725.html

Dol. Rio Huarmey. Fot. Miron Bogacki 800x533  El Castillo de Huarmey Fot. Krzysztof Makowski 800x600

Fot. Miron Bogacki

 Fot. Krzysztof Makowski

El Castillo i dolina rzeki Huarmey

Peru 5. IMG 4041 Fot. Milosz Giersz 800x533

                                           Fot. Miłosz Giersz

Dr Patrycja Prządka-Giersz (fot. w 2010 r.)

                                     Milosz Giersz Director del Proyecto en la excavación 2 400x600             cantimplora WARI 400x600

                                               Fot. Patrycja Prządka-Giersz

Dr Miłosz Giersz z Instytutu Archeologii Uniwerytetu Warszawskiego kieruje
badaniami archeologicznymi w Castillo de Huarmey (fot. w 2013 r.).
Jest członkiem Oddziału Polskiego The Explorers Club

 

    Tym razem wyścig wygrali archeolodzy.Więcej informacji o odkryciu można znaleźć na stronie Ośrodka Badań Prekolumbijskich Uniwesytetu Warszawskiego >>
 
    Odkrycie, które pisze na nowo historię tej części Ameryki Południowej, wzbudziło ogromne zainteresowanie na świecie:
New Scientist: to be included in this week's print edition

EL CASTILLO DE HUARMEY
RECENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL DISCOVERY ON THE COAST OF PERU

     Polish-Peruvian team of archaeologists, led by Dr. Miłosz Giersz from the University of Warsaw have discovered very well preserved funerary chamber under the remains of an imperial mausoleum of El Castillo de Huarmey. It is the first Huari imperial unlooted tomb discovered by scientists.
El Castillo is the name of the large funeral platform resembling a stepped pyramid towering over the landscape of the River Huarmey Valley. El Castillo is also a place of an archaeological discovery that sheds a new light on the history of the Huari Empire and Moche culture.
     About 60 people, most probably women, were entombed in a chamber covered later with the mausoleum resembling those of the Huari elites. Women's bodies were originally wrapped in the fardos decorated with applications made of cotton and llama wool. Four individuals were treated with the special attention and buried in a smaller side-chambers. The discovery sheds a new light on the role of female elite, not only in the context of Huari culture, but other Andean pre-Columbian complex societies.
     Archaeologists have found over 1200 artefacts: ear ornaments, necklaces, pectorals, rings, knives, chisels, axes, spearheads, rattles, looms, spindles and spindle whorls, spoons, coca leaves containers and many objects related to weaving. The objects were made of gold, silver, copper, decorated with mother of pearl, Spondylus princeps shell, semiprecious stones, obsidian, bone, carved wood...
    The ceramic vessels represent the variation of the styles and techniques, suggesting their foreign and distant origins. The vessels are decorated with the depictions of the royal personages and creatures known from the motifs originating from Nasca, Tiwanaku or the region of Ayacucho. The decorations on a local molded ware are a mixture of the Huari motives and reminiscent of the Moche styles.
    The result of the excavations at Castillo de Huarmey as well as the results of the fieldwork earlier conducted in the valley of Culebras and Huarmey by Dr. Milosz Giersz with his wife Dr. Patrycja Przadka-Giersz proves that this part of the coast was conquered and controlled politically by the Huari empire.

STAFF:
Director: Dr. Milosz Giersz (University of Warsaw, POLAND, Polish Chapter of The Explorers Club)
Co-director: Roberto Pimentel Nita
Artifacts analysis & laboratory: Dr. Patrycja Przadka Giersz (Universidad de Varsovia, Polonia)
Bioarchaeologist: Dr. Wieslaw Wieckowski (University of Warsaw, POLAND)
Scientific assessor: Dr. Krzysztof Makowski Hanula (Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú, Lima)
Architecture restoration: Gonzalo Presbitero Rodriguez (University of Warsaw, POLAND)
Artifacts restoration: Taller del Museo de Arte de Lima
Geophysics studies: Dr. Krzysztof Misiewicz (University of Warsaw & Polish Academy of Sciences, POLAND)
Topography & photogrametry, DGPS, GIS, 3D: Wieslaw Malkowski, Miron Bogacki, Julia Chyla, Jakub Kaniszewski
Assistants: Patricia Quiñonez Cuzcano, Santiago del Castillo Dextre, Emilia
Jastrzebska, Aleksandra Lisek, Monika Solka, Dagmara Socha, David Rodriguez, Claudia Garcia Meza.
Workers: Nestor Hubi, Rodolfo Gamarra Meza, Luis Gamarra Alvarado, Edvin Gamarra Alvarado, Hernan Gutierrez Taydapan, Freddy Palacios Yacupoma, Cristan Huillan Solorzano, Pedro Jamanca Castillo, Pablo Molina Bravo, Florencio Davila Agular.
 
THE PROJECT IS SUPPORTED AND FINANCED BY:
University of Warsaw (direct institutional and financial support)
National Science Center of the Republic of Poland (direct grants for the investigation of the site)
Antamina Mining Company & MALI - Museo de Arte de Lima (direct grant for the conservation and future museum exhibition of the artifacts)
National Geographic Society (grants for futher investigations)
 

Książka "Lot koło Nagiej Damy"

lot kolo nagiej damy

Julian Krzyżanowski (1892 – 1976)

Emilia Julian Krzyzanowscy 178x240


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